Department of Statistics, The Ohio State University
Statistics and Biostatistics Colloquium Series
Statistics: the science,technology and art of creating new knowledge
Eberly Professor Emeritus of Statistics, Pennsylvania State University
Former Director, Indian Statistical Institute
3:30PM - Thursday, May 15, 2003
Room 170, Eighteenth Avenue Bldg. (EA 170)
R.A.Fisher in his presidential address to the Royal Statistical Society said,"Statistical science is the peculiar aspect of human progress which gave the 20th century its peculiar character, ... it is to the statistician that the present age turns for what is most essential in all its more important activities." As we enter into the 21st century, we are faced with new problems and new prospects for the use of statistics in solving them. The scope of statistics as it is understood,studied and practiced today extends to the whole gamut of natural and social sciences, engineering and technology, management and economic affairs, and arts and literature. A logical approaches to solving problems in these areas is the collection of data and extraction of information from data to provide knowledge for taking an optimal decision in a give situation, and to pose new problems for further investigation and expansion of knowledge.
Some examples will be given of the use of statistics as science, technology and art of creating new knowledge:
Who wrote the poem discovered in a library without any record of its authorship, Shakespeare or a contemporary poet? Is the second born child more intelligent than the first born? Who wrote the ancient Indian text Arthasathra? Is the expression of a gene in normal person and cancer patient the same? Are goods produced by a machine according to specification?